Botanical Names of Tomatoes

The botanical classification of the tomato has had an interesting history, first being placed in the genus Solanum, along with the potato and being identified as Solanum Lycopersicon. However, this designation was changed to Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon being derived from the Greek word meaning “wolf peach,” and esculentum simply meaning edible. Although there are similar plant characteristics between potato and tomato plants, flower color (yellow for tomato and mostly white or violet for potato) and particularly the shape and manner of the opening of pollen-bearing structures are the characteristics that separate the two plants.

Division: Anthophyta
Class: Dicotyledons
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill – tomato
Lycopersicon pimpinellfolium (L.) Mill – currant tomato
Lycopersicon esculentum var. cerasiforme – cherry tomato

Common Names

The common names for tomato in eight countries are:

Country Name
Danish Tomat
Dutch Tomast
French Tomate
German Tomato
Italian Pomodoro
Portugese Tomato
Spanish Tomato
Swedish Tomat